Posts Tagged ‘Demographics.’

“. . . Islam is the fastest growing religion. Demographers predict that one out of every four human beings will be Muslim in 24 years. If demographics is power, then the world is tilting toward a Muslim century.”  [1]

~ Jeremy Rifkin, the well-known American economist. He is the author of The Age of Access and president of the Foundation on Economic Trends in Washington.

We cannot exhaust the hundreds of thousands of individuals who revert to Islam in this book. If I attempt to profile all the reverts, I would obviously appear in Guinness World Records for writing the most voluminous book in the world – for which I have no intentions. If America alone, the NBC News report that 20,000 Americans revert to Islam each year, 75% of them are women and according to St. Petersburg Times “Every year, about 20,000 people in the United States convert to Islam, in addition to those who convert in prison . . . .”[2], then how do you expect us to profile all these 20,000 converts without being overcome by exhaustion and boredom. It is also reported that, “religion experts say Islam is the second-largest religion in the United States . . . . Islam has 5 million to 6 million members, followed by Judaism, with approximately 4.5 million . . . . And Islam is believed to be the fastest-growing religion in the country, with half its expansion coming from new immigrants and the other half from conversions.”[3]  And in Christianity Today:

Islam is one of the fastest-growing religions in America, and the massive number of African-American converts—in prisons, colleges, and inner cities—is a key factor. There are more than 2 million black Muslims in the United States, and if current trends prevail, that figure will continue to swell.[4]

And then we read elsewhere that:

Increasing numbers of Latinas are converting to Islam, for love, faith and, some say, a sense of respect . . . . The American Muslim Council, based in Chicago, estimates that there are more than 200,000 Latino Muslims in the United States . . . . Mariam Abassi, vice president of the Da’wah (outreach) program at the center (i.e. The North Hudson Islamic Educational Center, in Union City, N.J.), said about 500 members of the center are Latino converts.[5]

The mind is further boggled reading that, “Islam has become the No. 1 non-Christian faith in Quebec*, as in Canada as a whole.”[6]Elsewhere, we find that “Figures from the 2001 Canadian census released yesterday by Statistics Canada show that the number of people claiming to be of Muslim faith increased by 128.9 per cent to 579,640 in the decade beginning in 1991, making Islam the fastest growing religion in Canada.”[7]

And in Britain, according to The Times, “. . . Unprecedented numbers of British people, nearly all of them women, are converting to Islam at a time of deep divisions within the Anglican and Catholic churches.”[8]An article which appeared in The Sunday Times on 22 February 2004 stated that, “…more than 14,000 white Britons have converted to Islam after becoming disillusioned with western values, according to the first authoritative study of the phenomenon.”[9]On the other hand, British Home Secretary Jacqui Smith confirmed that more than 50,000 are converting to Islam each year.[10]It is further estimated that “. . . anywhere between 10,000 and 50,000 people a year convert to Islam in the UK . . . .”[11]And Rose Kendrick, a religious education teacher at a Hull comprehensive and the author of a textbook guide to the Koran says: “Within the next 20 years the number of British converts will equal or overtake the immigrant Muslim community that brought the faith here”[12]With such a burgeoning number of converts, it is of no shock to learn that the Queen of England has converted a room at Windsor Castle into a prayer space for Muslim staff.[13]Windsor Castle is the largest inhabited castle in the world and one of the principal official residences of the British monarch. Should people neglect the words of Anjem Choudary who was speaking at a meeting in London? Choudary, the Muslim preacher, without equivocation and circumlocutions, said: “It may be by pure conversion that Britain will become an Islamic state. We may never need to conquer it from the outside.”[14]

What about this scaring report from The Times:

The Muslim population in Britain has grown by more than 500,000 to 2.4 million in just four years, according to official research collated for The Times. The population multiplied 10 times faster than the rest of society, the research by the Office for National Statistics reveals. In the same period the number of Christians in the country fell by more than 2 million. Experts said that the increase was attributable to immigration, a higher birthrate and conversions to Islam during the period of 2004-2008, when the data was gathered.[15]

And within a span of around two or three years, “Some 3,000 to 5,000 Italians have converted to Islam from Catholicism in recent years,”[16]

On 26 July 2005, United Press International reported, “Islam is becoming an increasingly popular religion in Belgium, with some four hundred converts last year.”[17]De Standaard is a Flemish daily newspaper published in Belgium. In an article published in 2004, De Standaard reported that “400 Belgians each year convert to Islam in the great Mosque of Brussels”[18]

And according to Swissinfo, “Around 30,000 women in Switzerland have converted to Islam, according to a recent report by an organization for Muslim women.”[19]

Moreover, an Interior Ministry-sponsored study on Muslim life in Germany revealed that:

. . . In Germany, some 4,000 people converted to Islam between July 2004 and June 2005. The study, which was financed by the Interior Ministry and carried out by the Soest-based Muslim institute Islam Archive Germany, reveals that the number of converts increased four-fold in comparison to the previous year . . . .[20]

The Jerusalem Post dated 23 January 2007 report: “As many as 100,000 French and British citizens have converted to Islam over the last decade, according to a new book by an Israeli historian.”[21]The figures have been cited by Hebrew University Professor Raphael Israeli in his book The Third Islamic Invasion of Europe.

In 2000, the French Ministry of the Interior estimated the total number of people born into Islam as 4.1 million and converts as about 40,000.[22]And the 2006 issue of The Washington Post states: “Estimates vary on the number of Islamic converts in the country (i.e. France) — from 30,000 to 100,000 . . .”[23]

Do you come from a land Down Under (i.e. Australia)? Then, you better run, you better take cover because we have heard ABC Local Radio reporting:

As the Government tries to find a ways to prevent Muslim extremism in Australia, the number of people converting to Islam is increasing. Queensland’s Islamic community says its numbers have more than doubled in recent years, and it now boasts more than 15,000 followers, including those who’ve turned away from other religions such as Christianity.[24]

And on 18 November 2003, the Syndey Morning Herald featured an article on the phenomenon of conversions in Australia. It reported that:

Islam is among NSW’s (New South Wales) fastest growing religions, with the growth strongly driven by disenchanted Catholics and Anglican . . . . Yet, Islam is among NSW’s fastest-growing religions, the numbers of adherents increasing by 40 per cent since the 1996 census when 102,288 nominated themselves as Muslim. Its growth is not solely the result of Sydney’s status as an immigration centre and the higher birth rates of Arabic-speaking families. Against all expectations, Australian Christians, including Catholics and Anglicans, and agnostics are finding Islam an answer to their spiritual voids . . . . Why would Christians convert? A University of New England academic, Laurence Tamatea, says Islam is attractive because of its universal message, its sense of community, sense of belonging, of a brotherhood and sisterhood.[25]

In Australia, there are a group of people known as the Aborigines, the majority being Christians, converted by European settlers. However, the BBC reporting about them reveal that:

Many have embraced the religion (i.e. Islam) for spiritual reasons, while others insist it gives them a way to escape the oppression suffered by the country’s indigenous population . . . . A small but growing number of young Aboriginal men are now turning to Islam, and it is now estimated there are 1,000 Aboriginal Muslims in Australia, including new recruits and descendants of mixed marriages.[26]

If we take a safari to Africa, we would find that Africa is not only a predominantly Muslim continent but also “. . . most experts agree that Islam is spreading faster than any other faith in East and West Africa.”[27]According to World Book Encyclopedia, Islam is the largest religion in Africa, followed by Christianity and on the authority of Western Journal of Black Studies (2005), the Muslims comprised of 45.1% of the population while Christians  were 36.9%.[28] But what is worth observing is that “A recent report by a Christian organization, Frontline Fellowship, which spearheads the growth of Christianity in Africa, indicates that Islam is growing at a fast rate in this impoverished continent . . . . It says Islam is growing twice as fast as Christianity in Africa.”[29]

And why shouldn’t Islam be accepted by Africans when it is widely known that “Islamic values have much in common with traditional African life: its emphasis on communal living, its clear roles for men and women, its tolerance of polygamy”[30], whereas Christianity as a way of life is much in conflict with most of African traditional values. Little wonder then to hear Reverend Benjamin Kwashi, the Anglican bishop of Jos, Nigeria say: ‘’The Muslims are winning — they have won. Islam is growing very fast. For many Africans, it makes more sense to reject America and Europe’s secular values, a culture of selfishness and half-naked women, by embracing Islam.’’[31]

Another illustration is that in Madagascar 17, 500 of Intimor tribe reverted en-masse[32]

The Washington Post reveals the phenomenal growth of Islam even in Rwanda:

. . .  Since the genocide, Rwandans have converted to Islam in huge numbers. Muslims now make up 14 percent of the 8.2 million people here in Africa’s most Catholic nation, twice as many as before the killings began . . . . Many converts say they chose Islam because of the role that some Catholic and Protestant leaders played in the genocide . . . . In contrast, many Muslim leaders and families are being honored for protecting and hiding those who were fleeing . . . . “I know people in America think Muslims are terrorists, but for Rwandans they were our freedom fighters during the genocide,” said Jean Pierre Sagahutu, 37, a Tutsi who converted to Islam from Catholicism after his father and nine other members of his family were slaughtered. “I wanted to hide in a church, but that was the worst place to go. Instead, a Muslim family took me. They saved my life.”. . . . “If it weren’t for the Muslims, my whole family would be dead,” said Aisha Uwimbabazi, 27, a convert and mother of two children. “I was very, very thankful for Muslim people during the genocide. I thought about it and I really felt it was right to change.”[33]

The 2002 January  edition of  The Christian Science Monitor carried the title:  “In South Africa, many blacks convert to Islam” writing therein that “Islam is growing in South African communities, offering a haven from social vices, an ethic of charity for the needy, and social reform.”  The paper mentioned that, “The faith (i.e. Islam) is attracting both poor shantytown dwellers who appreciate Islam’s emphasis on charity, and young intellectuals attracted by the faith’s focus on lifestyle and social reform.” And it is estimated that in Soweto alone, there were 10,000 converts to Islam as in 2002.[34] Independent Online is a wholly owned subsidiary of Independent News & Media, a media organization based in Dublin, Ireland with interests in 22 countries on 4 continents. The Newspaper writes:

Black South Africans, drawn to the Islam practised by African immigrants, are converting in growing numbers and slowly changing the face of religious affiliation in the overwhelmingly Christian country. “The numbers have gone up dramatically if you look at the census figures . . . there is massive growth especially in the (black) townships,” said Dr Shamil Jeppie, an expert on Islamic history in Africa at the University of Cape Town . . . . But an estimated 75 000 Africans are now Muslim compared to fewer than 12 000 in 1991 during apartheid white rule, according to research by the Human Sciences Research Council, a government-funded institute.[35]

To get exhaustive conversion rate of my own country Kenya is equally hard. However, I got the privilege of accessing the records of the converts from Jamia Mosque Reverts Center in Nairobi. The center would offer a certificate of reversion to Islam to those who reported their conversions at its Center. Each certificate would detail important information such as the name of the person, the adopted name after conversion, date of conversion, sex and National Identification Number of the revertee, two witnesses, serial number of the certificate, signatures, e.t.c. The duplicate of the certificates would usually remain with Jamia mosque Reverts Center. Readers should note, however, that the data I got from Jamia Mosque Reverts Center is not representative of all converts to Islam in Kenya. The data represent only those reverts who reported their adoption of Islam at Jamia offices in Nairobi. It is emphatically assumed that most of these converts reside in or in close proximity to Nairobi and it is worth noting that of all the eight provinces in Kenya, Nairobi is the smallest province in terms of area. From the data, in a period between 1990 to 2009 (i.e. 20 year period), the number of people who embraced Islam in the Nairobi area is 10 923. The provided  table shows the number of converts from the year 1990 to 2009.

If you go to Singapore, you will read: “. . . About 500 people here convert to Islam each year. That has been the average since the 1990s, said the Muslim Converts’ Association of Singapore.”[36]Brunei Times report a greater number of ethnic Chinese enquiring about turning to Islam, with a greater number of Indonesian Chinese embracing Islam in the month of Ramadhan, every year.[37] And in a different edition, it reports that a total of 109 people became Muslims in the Tutong District from January to 22 December 2008.[38]

Then, there is Israel News reporting that:

According to statistics from the Population Administration, 2006 will be a record year for Israeli Jews joining the Muslim religion. In the past few years, the number of conversions to Islam was relatively stable at 35 per year, but over 70 conversions were expected this year. In 2003, 40 Jews converted to Islam; in 2004 the number dropped to 27; and last year it stood at 33.[39]

Remarkably, in 2004, thirty-seven Korean soldiers converted to Islam ahead of their late July deployment to the Kurdish city of Irbil in northern Iraq. The Chosun Iblo Korean News Agency stated that:

. . . at noon Friday, 37 members of the Iraq-bound “Zaitun Unit,” including Lieutenant Son Hyeon-ju of the Special Forces 11th Brigade, made their way to a mosque in Hannam-dong, Seoul and held a conversion ceremony”.[40]

Citing why Islam attracted them, one of these Korean soldiers said: “I became a Muslim because I felt Islam was more humanistic and peaceful than other religions. And if you can religiously connect with the locals, I think it could be a big help in carrying out our peace reconstruction mission.”

The world-famous journal The Economist stated that “Russia’a fastest-growing religious group is its Muslims.”[41]Professor Paul Goble is the Vice Dean of Social Sciences and Humanities at Concordia-Audentes University in Tallinn, Estonia, and he is unquestionably a leading specialist on ethnic minorities in the Russian Federation. He said that within the next several decades Russia will become a country with a Muslim majority.[42]

Within most of our lifetimes the Russian Federation, assuming it stays within current borders, will be a Muslim country . . . .  That is it will have a Muslim majority and even before that the growing number of people of Muslim background in Russia will have a profound impact on Russian foreign policy. The assumption in Western Europe or the United States that Moscow is part of the European concert of powers is no longer valid . . . . The Muslim growth rate, since 1989, is between 40 and 50 percent . . . . By 2015, Muslims will make up a majority of Russia’s conscript army, and by 2020 a fifth of the population.

Goble says that in 1991 there were about 300 mosques in Russia. However, in 2006, it rose to 8,000. The number of Russians going on the Hajj, or pilgrimage to Mecca each year has jumped from 40 in 1991 to 13,500 in 2005.

Tamil Nadu is one of the 28 states of India. In a village in Madurai district of Tamil Nadu live a group of people referred to as Dalit. They are of South Asian descent traditionally regarded as untouchables or of low caste, who have been told by the upper castes of India that they are less than human. Cases of oppression, injustices, and ill-treatment against the Dalits are rampart. The Dalits thought Islam could be a solution to their sufferings.  At this point, it’s worth-noting that Islam scripturally crashes all types of racism, ethnicity, tribalism or supremacy based on color and birth. Hence the verse: “O mankind, indeed We have created you from male and female and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another. Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allah is the most righteous of you. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.” [Q 49:13] and as Christians talk of the Last Supper of Jesus, Muslims talk of the Last Sermon of Muhammad.  The Last Sermon of Prophet Muhammad included this important clause: “All mankind is [descended] from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab, nor a non-Arab over an Arab. A white man has no superiority over black nor a black over white, except on account of piety and good deeds.”[43]Furthermore, Qur’an Chapter 49 verse 10 “The believers are but brothers. . . .” places belief in one God as the assimilating agent, and not race, wealth, nationality or popularity. No sane person can hesitate following a Prophet who said, “You are not better than people with red or black skins unless you excel them in piety.”[44] Arnold Toynbee, a historian who believed that revival of religion is one of the keys to the salvation of Western civilization admitted that Islam can extinguish racial discrimination:

The extinction of race consciousness as between Muslims is one of the outstanding moral achievements of Islam, and in the contemporary world there is, as it happens, a crying need for the propagation of this Islamic virtue. The forces of racial toleration, which at present seem to be fighting a losing battle in a spiritual struggle of immense importance to mankind, might still regain the upper hand if any strong influence militating against racial consciousness were now to be thrown into the scales. It is conceivable that the spirit of Islam might be the timely reinforcement which would decide this issue in favor of tolerance and peace.[45]

Despite other Dalits embracing Islam in previous occasion, news went that an entire village desired to revert to Islam:

All Dalits in the village intend converting to Islam,” said the local panchayat president, Murthy, at S Keezhapatti. “The upper castes don’t respect us and untouchability is a curse when it comes to eking out a living,” he explained. As he pointed out, “If a Dalit opens a tea stall, caste Hindus stay away. But if he converts to Islam and opens the same tea stall, they come to the same place, to the ‘bhai’s tea stall’. There is no untouchability then.” It is not the illiterate among the Dalits who feel that way. Even a post-graduate from the village says that conversion is the only way out to ‘’buy social respect”.[46]

For those who would like to work in Saudi Arabia or Arab countries and those who have friends/relatives in such countries will be thrilled to read from the Middle East’s leading English language daily Newspaper Arab News dated 20 May 2006:

As many as 4,200 expatriates of different nationalities have embraced Islam as a result of the activities of Islamic Education Foundation (IEF) in Alhamrah in the past 10 years, according to a press statement issued by IEF. About 40 percent of the converts were women, it said.[47]

Islamic Education Foundation (IEF) is supervised by Saudi Arabia’s Ministry of Islamic Affairs, Endowments, Propagation and Guidance. It is reported that in UAE, expatriates have converted to Islam, majorities are from the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and a few from Western countries. One of the news sources disclose:

The total number of those who have embraced Islam in the United Arab Emirates has reached the 10,000 mark, and a new center is now being built in which there would be four classrooms for men and a similar number for women, a lecture hall, administrative offices, and it is expected that it will also open branches in various other emirates of the UAE. Most of these converts embraced Islam due to efforts exerted by the Sheikh Zayed Center for New Converts.[48]

Let us pose for a moment. I am sure you have personally witnessed a case of conversion to Islam, either in your family, in your village/town/college or on the media. That is if you socialize with mankind and you are neither living in Mars nor Venus.

However, we should know that there are those converts who, due to one reason or the other, opt to remain anonymous. Only God knows them. They may be performing Islamic rituals in secrecy (and some doubt if Obama is a Christian). We cannot get the statistics of these undercover Muslims. Just like in Makkah before it was conquered by Muslims, there were some Muslim converts living in anonymity with the unbelievers of Makkah. Muhammad and his companions were heading to Makkah. Had a fight taken place between Muhammad’s party and the Makkans, they might unwittingly have killed some of those Muslim converts, not known to them as Muslims, and thus suffered the anguish of shedding Muslim blood. Hence the verse:

And if not for believing men and believing women (i.e. converts to Islam) whom you did not know – that you might trample [i.e., kill] them and there would befall you because of them dishonor without [your] knowledge – [you would have been permitted to enter Makkah]. [This was so] that Allah might admit to His mercy whom He willed. If they had been apart [from them], We would have punished those who disbelieved among them with painful punishment. [Q 48:25].

Thus, getting the statistics of all Muslim converts is very hard due to the cases of those who don’t report their conversions. Fact: there is a rising tide of converts flowing to Islam. Period. To profile all these converts would require a voluminous encyclopedia.  The point is home. That Islam is growing faster than any other religion. We anticipate a credible Muslim body which would come up with a yearly-based volume(s) profiling notable converts to Islam besides giving statistics on conversions. Probably, every country profiling her notable converts. The title might read something like 2009 Converts to Islam: Profiles of Notable Kenyan Converts. For America, they would have something like 2009 Converts to Islam: Profiles of Notable American Converts.

{Excerpted from Salim Boss’ book “They are either Extremely Smart or Extremely Ignorant”. Buy the eBook  for $1.9 and the paperback for $9. Just click here to buy the book}

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FOOTNOTES

[1]. Rifkin, Jeremy. “Dialogue is a Necessity.” The Guardian 13 Nov. 2001.

[2]. Wiener, Jocelyn (Times Staff Writer). “Young, Female and Muslim.” St. Petersburg Times 7 Oct. 2002.

[3]. Arnett, Elsa C. Knight-Ridder News Service.

[4]. Ellis, Carl. “Conversations: Carl Ellis on How Islam Is Winning Black America.” By Edward Gilbreath. Christianity Today 3 April 2000. Vol. 44. No. 4.

[5]. Conci, Pilar. “Latina converts look for answers in Islam.” Columbia News Service 27 May 2008.  Another article on Latina conversions to Islam see; Armario, Christine. “US Latinas seek answers in Islam.” The Christian Science Monitor 27 Dec. 2004.

* Quebec is a province in the central part of Canada; the only Canadian province with a predominantly French-speaking  population; it is Canada’s largest province by area (nearly three times the size of France or Texas and its second-largest administrative division; it is the second most populous province, after Ontario.

[6]. Shepard, Harvey. “Islam Thrives in Quebec.” Montreal Gazette 14 May 2003.

[7]. Galloway, Gloria. “Muslims Outnumber Jews in Canada.” Toronto Globe and Mail 14 May 2003.

[8]. Berrington, Lucy. “Why Are British Women Turning to Islam?” The Times 9 Nov. 1993.

[9]. Hellen, Nicholas and Christopher Morgan. “Islamic Britain lures top people.” The Sunday Times 22 Feb. 2004.

[10]. Roznama Jasarat (Pakistan) 22 May 2008. Also see Rupee News (New York) 20 July 2008.

[11]. Smith, Robert. “Islam will be dominant UK religion.” Gulf Daily News 10 March 2004.

[12]. Berrington, Lucy. “Why Are British Women Turning to Islam?” The Times 9 Nov. 1993.

[13]. Sayed, Ruki. “Queen opens Muslim prayer room at Windsor Castle.”  Voice of the Mirror 30 Sept. 2006. Page 8. Also see: “Queen sanctions first ever Muslim prayer room.” Daily Mail  29 Sept. 2006.

[14]. France, Anthony and Vince Soodin. “We need more Muslim babies … then we can take over Britain.” The Sun 13 Sept. 2008.

[15]. Kerbaj, Richard. “Muslim population ‘rising 10 times faster than rest of society.” The Times 30 Jan. 2009.

[16]. Baker, Luke. “Rome’s envoy to S. Arabia converts to Islam.” Reuters 26 Nov. 2001.

[17]. “Islam on rise in Belgium.” United Press International 26 July 2005.

[18]. “Islam in Belgium.” De Standaard 20 Nov. 2004.

[19]. Berthoud, Jean-Michel. “Putting their faith in Islam.” Swissinfo 14 March 2005.

[20]. Ackermann, Lutz. “Angst-Ridden Germans Look for Answers — And Find Them in the Koran.” Der Spiegel 18 Jan. 2007. <http://www.spiegel.de/international/spiegel/0,1518,460364,00.html&gt;

[21]. Lefkovits, Etgar. “Islam converts change face of Europe.” The Jerusalem Post 23 Jan.2007

[22]. l’Islam dans la République” (Haut Conseil à l’intégration, Nov. 2000, p.26)

[23]. Whitlock, Craig. “Trial of French Islamic Radical Sheds Light on Converts’ Role.” Washington Post 1 Jan. 2006, A01.

[24]. Millar, Lisa. “Number of Islamic converts increasing.” AM. ABC Local Radio. 27 Aug. 2005.  08:06:10 < http://www.abc.net.au/am/content/2005/s1447377.htm&gt;

[25]. “Converts in the houses of the Lord.” Syndey Morning Herald 18.  Nov. 2003.

[26]. “Aborigines turn to Islam.” bbc.co.uk  31 March. 2003 <http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/asia-pacific/2902315.stm&gt;

[27]Onishi, Norimitsu. “Rising Muslim Power in Africa Causes Unrest in Nigeria and Elsewhere.” New York Times Also see: Kaba, Amadu Jackay. “Spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: A Survey and Analysis of the Numbers and Percentages of Christians, Muslims, and Those Who Practice Indigenous Religions,” Western Journal of Black Studies. Vol. 29, no.2, 2005, p. 561.

[28]. Kaba, Amadu Jackay. Western Journal of Black Studies. Vol. 29, No.2, 2005. p. 561.

[29]. Jomo, Frank. “Islam making in-roads in Zambia.” newsfromafrica.org 19 July 2006. <http://www.newsfromafrica.org/newsfromafrica/articles/art_10733.html&gt;

[30]. Onishi, Norimitsu. “Rising Muslim Power in Africa Causes Unrest in Nigeria and Elsewhere.” New York Times 1 Nov.  2001.

[31]. Onishi, Norimitsu. “Rising Muslim Power in Africa Causes Unrest in Nigeria and Elsewhere.” New York Times 1 Nov.  2001.

[33]. Wax, Emily. “Islam Attracting Many Survivors of Rwanda Genocide.” Washington Foreign Post Service 23 Sept. 2002.p. A10. See <http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A53018-2002Sep22.html&gt;

[34]. Itano, Nicole. “In South Africa, many blacks convert to Islam.” The Christian Science Monitor 10 Jan. 2002.

[35]. Bell, Gordon. “Islam is spreading among black South Africans.” Independent Online 14 Nov. 2004. <http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=1&click_id=139&art_id=qw1100423885802B264&gt;;also see Paz, Reuven and Moshe Terdman. “Islam’s Inroads.” The Journal of International Security Affairs Fall 2007, No. 13.

[36]. Zainol, Vivi. “Singapore: 500 Convert To Islam Every Year.” The Straits Times 22 Nov. 2003.

[37]. Rosli, Sobrina. “More people embrace Islam during holy month.” The Brunei Times 30 Sept. 2007.

[38]. Begawan, Bandar Seri. “109 embrace Islam in Tutong.” The Brunei Times 24 Dec. 2008

[39]. Palter, Nurit. “2006: More Jews converting to Islam.” Israel News 13 July 2006. <http://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-3274735,00.html&gt;

[40].“Ahead of Iraq Deployment, 37 Korean Troops Convert to Islam.” The Chosun Iblo Korean News Agency 8 June 2004.<http://english.chosun.com/w21data/html/news/200405/200405280041.html&gt; Also watch their conversions on this link (s) <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=awhV2zNo5LM >

[41]. “Russia’s Muslims: A benign growth?” The Economist 7 April. 2007. p.25.

[42]. “Analyst Predicts Muslim Majority in Russia Within 30 Years.” voanews.com 28 Feb. 2006.

<http://www.voanews.com/english/archive/2006-02/2006-02-28-voa77.cfm?CFID=105873012&CFTOKEN=97671586&jsessionid=6630ffca3635a655cac662261fe3b18643c5 >; Also see Choudhury, Salah Uddin Shoaib. “Russia becoming a Muslim state!” Asian Tribune Mon, 22 May 2006.

[43]. Musnad of Imam Ahmed # 19774; Also see AlMubarakpuri, SafiurRahman. ArRaheeq AlMakhtum (The Sealed Nectar). 1st ed. Riyadh: Maktaba DarusSalam, 1995. p.460.

[44]. Mishkat Al-Masabih, 5198 and transmitted by Ahmad.

[45]. Toynbee, Arnold J. Civilization on Trial. New York: Oxford University Press, 1948. pp. 205-206.

[46]. “Dalit villagers in Madurai to take to Islam” rediff.com 16 Jan. 2001. <http://www.rediff.com/news/2001/jan/16satya.htm&gt;

[47]. P.K. Abdul Ghafour. “4,200 Embraced Islam Through IEF Programs.” Arab News 20 May 2006; Also see P.K. Abdul Ghafour. “New Muslims on the rise in US after Sept. 11.”  Arab News 3 Nov. 2002.

[48]. “Converts in Emirates.” Islamic Voice March 1999.